Chemical Engineering Course In India


Everyone have an impression that Chemical engineering relates to chemistry. Well that is a wrong impression because chemical engineering is not chemistry. It deals with various engineering aspects like designing equipment, analysis etc..
Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that applies physical sciences and life sciences to produce, transform and properly use materials and energy. A chemical engineer designs a process that converts raw materials to useful products.
Any student who has successfully completed +2 or intermediate choosing mathematics as their main subject is eligible to pursue chemical engineering. The candidates can gain eligibility by appearing and clearing various competitive exams like IIT-JEE, AIEEE or EAMCET. Candidates completing diploma courses are also eligible to pursue chemical engineering. Such candidates must appear and clear ECET to join this course.
Candidates clearing various Engineering entrance exams have to undergo a counselling process where the students can choose this course in different engineering colleges and universities. Once the candidate is alloted with the college and course the candidates shall take admission to pursue the course.
Chemical Engineering is a full-time engineering course and the course duration is 4 years. For candidates completing diploma the course duration is only 3 years.
The main areas or concepts of chemical engineering are Process design and analysis, Plant Design and Construction, Transport Phenomena, Chemical Reaction Engineering, Process modelling and Simulations, Thermodynamics and various unit operations like fluid mechanics, heat transfer, mass transfer, mechanical operations, chemical process calculations etc..

Learn c programming online


Note: This post is not complete, we are still updating this post.

C Language Introduction & History 

 C Language is developed by Dennis Richie in 1972. An international committee was formed in 1960 to develop a general purpose language. This committee developed ALGOL 60 in the year of 1960, Later in 1963 Combined programming Language [CPL] was developed but CPL was very big and had many features hence it was difficult to learn and use.

 BCPL was developed in 1967 by Martin Richards but it was not powerful, Ken Thompson simplified BCPL and developed B Language in 1970, B represents the first letter of BCPL but this language too was very small.

 Dennis Richie developed C Language by combining B Language and BCPL, Some additional features were added by Dennis Richie and C Language was developed in the year 1972. Letter C was taken from the second letter of BCPL.

Characteristics of C Language 


 C Language is general purpose language, C Language is flexible, powerful and structured programming language. C Language has many inbuilt features , C Language used in many applications it is simple to use and easy to learn Language.

C Language is case sensitive Language , it has many library functions and user can add as many functions as needed. C Language is usually called middle level language.


  1. C Language is simple to use & Easy to learn.
  2. C Language is reliable language.
  3. C Language can be executed on many computers.
  4. C Compiler is very fast , which makes execution of a program very fast.
  5. C Program can be divided into small modules by using functions. C Program is very easy to understand.
  6. C Language has characteristics of both high level language and low level language.
  7. Bit wise manipulation is possible.
  8. C Language has 40 Keywords.
  9. C Language can be used for system programming.
  10. C Language has more datatypes & Operators than any other Language.

Data Types in C Language


Datatype is the type of data which a variable can store, C Language supports following Data types.

  1. Primary Datatype
  2. Derived Datatype
  3. User-Defined Datatype

1. Primary Datatype

Primary datatype further divided into Integer,Float,Double and Void data types.

a) Integer Datatype 

Integer datatype is used to store Integer values. It required 2 bytes memory, Int keyword is used to declare integers. Integer range is from -32768 to 32767. Integer data type qualifiers are short,long,unsigned.

Example:

int a,b,c;
short int x,y,z;
long int x,y;
unsigned int length;

b) Float Datatype 

Float datatype is used to represent real number in exponential form, It requires 8 bytes of memory. Double data type range is from 1.7e -308 to 1.7e 308. It is declared by using double keyword.

c) Char Datatype

Char datatype is used to store single character or a group of characters. Characters can be either signed or unsigned. Char data type requires one byte memory and range is from -128 to 127.

d) Void Datatype

Void datatype stores nothing, It takes 0 byte and it is declared by using the keyword void.



KeywordDescriptionLowHighBytesFormat String
charSingle Character-1281271%c
intInteger-32768327672%d
long intLong Integer-214748364821474836484%ld
floatFloating3.4e-383.4e384%f
doubleDouble Floating1.7e-3081.7e3088%lf
long doubleLong Double Floating3.4e-49321.1e493210
unsigned charChar with no sign02551%c
unsigned intInt with no sign0655352
unsigned long intLong int no sign042949672954

2.Derived Datatype

The datatypes which are derived from primitive data types are called as derived datatypes, They also known as secondary datatypes or structured datatypes. Derived datatypes further divided into arrays, functions and pointers.

a)Arrays

An array is collection of related data items, Which have similar datatype and a common name. Array is used to represent a group of related data items, Data items can be integer,float or char. All data items must have same data type.

Example

int students[60];

b) Function

Function is a block of statements which do some useful work. A function may contain N number of statements.

c)Pointer

A pointer is a variable which points to a location in memory, It contains the address of another variable or array element.

Asterik [*] is used for pointer.

3) User Defined Datatype

Structure,Union and Enum are user defined datatypes, These datatypes are defined by user.

a) Structure

structure is collection of related data items, But data items of different datatypes. A structure may contain integer elements, floating point elements and character elements. The elements are known as structure. structure is similar to record.

Example

struct student
{
char name[25];
int unique_number;
char classname[30];
float fee_amount;
};

struct student s1,s2;

struct is a keyword, Student is name of structure and name,unique_number,classname and fee_amount are elements of structure. s1,s2 are structure variables.

Union

union is similar to structure data type, Like the structure union also contains members of different datatypes however union can hold one member. 

Difference between structure and union is union can contain only one member at one time.

Example

union student
{
char name[25];
int unique_number;
char classname[30];
float fee_amount;
};

student s;

now s contains either name or unique_number or classname or fee_amount at one time.

Enumarated

Enumarated datatype is used to define the values of user defined datatypes.

Example

enum day 
{
Sunday,
Monday,
Tuesday,
Wednusday,
Thursday,
Friday,
Saturday
};

enum is keyword, day is name of the type.

in the above example,

Sunday will have value of 0
Monday will have value of 1
Tuesday will have value of 2 etc...

Variables in C Language

A Variable is quantity which can change during program execution, It is the name of the location in the memory of computer in which constant can be stored. These locations can store integer, float and char data types.

Variable must be declared before it can be used in a program, Variable declaration helps the compiler to know about the name of the variable and type of the data which the variable holds.

When a Variable is declared, Compiler create space in memory and give the variable name to the space created.

Syntax

[datatype] [space] [variable name]

If variable is more than one, Variable name's should be separated by comma.

Example

int a,b;
float c,d;
int e=26;

Rules for declaring Variables

  • variable name should only contain numbers from 1-9, Alphabets and Underscores.
  • First letter of variable name should not be a number but it can be a Alphabet or Underscore.
  • Comma and blank space not allowed in a variable name.
  • No special symbol other than Underscore is allowed in variable name.

Keywords In C Language

Keyword is a predefined words, Whose meaning is already known to compiler so it can not be used as a variable name. Keywords are always written in lower case and they also known as reserved words.
C Language has 40 keywords out of which 32 keywords are used for High level programming and 8 are used for Low level programming, These 8 keywords are optional keywords.
autobreakcasecharconstantcontinuedefaultdo
doubleelseenumexternfloatfoegotoif
intlongregisterreturnshortsignedsizestatic
structtypedefunionunsignedvoidvolatileswitchwhile

Identifier

Identifiers are two types

1) User defined
2) Keyword

Identifiers are nothing but names of variables,functions and arrays. They consist of letters, digits and underscore characters.

Rules for Identifiers

  • First character must be a letter, It must be from the character set.
  • Keywords can not be used as identifiers.
  • Identifier length must not be more than 8 characters [Note: some compilers allow 32 character identifiers]
  • Except underscore any other special symbols are not allowed.

Operators

An operator is a symbol, Which tells the compiler to perform certain mathematical operation or logical operation.

C Language supports following operators,

  • Arithmetic operators
  • Assignment operators
  • Increment / decrement operators
  • Relational operators
  • Logical operators
  • Conditional operators
  • Special operators
  • Bit wise operators

Arithmetic operators

Arithmetic operators are used for arithmetic operations, These are the basic operators these operations require 2 variables and called as binary operation.
operatormeaningexample
+Additionc = a + b;
-Subscractc = b - a;
*Multiplicationa = b * 10;
/Dividec = a / b;
%Modulec = a % 5;

Assignment operators

Assignment operators are used to assign the result of an expression to a variable, = [equals to] is the most common assignment operator.

Syntax


Identifier = Expression.

Example


int c = 2; [Assigns Right to left value, c now have value of 2]

c = a+b; [ Assigns Right to left value, a+b operation executed first and then the value assigned to c]

Increment / Decrement operators

These operators are used to increase or decrease value of a variable.

Increment => ++
Decrement => --

Syntax


x = 2;
y = ++x;

Relational Operators

Relational operators are used to compare two values depending on their relation we can make a decision,  which one is greater or lesser value.
OperatorMeaning
<Less than
>Greater than
<=Less than or equal
>=Greater than or equal
==Equal
!=Not equal

Example

10 > 20 always returns false, because 10 is less than 20.

Logical Operators

Logical operators are boolean operators, Logical operators are used to test the value of a condition which is either true or false.
OperatorMeaning
&&And
||Or
!!Not

Example 

 if(a==2 && b==2)
{

 }

 In the above condition if both a=2 and b=2 are true then only the if condition executed.

Conditional Operators

Conditional operator is used to check the validity of a statement.

Syntax

Expression1 ? Expression2 : Expression3

Expression1 is evaluted first, If it is true it will become value for condition, Else Expression2 is evaluated and it will become value for condition.

Special Operators

Special operators furthur divided into two categories.

1) Size of operator.
2) Comma operator.

Size of operator

Size of operator returns the number of bytes required to represent a data type or variable.

Syntax

sizeof(datatype)

Comma operator

A set of expressions are separated by commas, Expression linked using comma operator are evaluated from left to right, And the value of the right most expression is the result.

Example

a = (a=4, a+5)

The above expression is evaluated left to right, First a value will become 4 [a=4] , then a value will become 9 [4+5] and 9 will be the result, so finally a value will become 9 [a=9]

Bitwise Operator

Bitwise operatos are used for manipulation of data at bit level.
OperatorMeaning
$Bitwise AND
|Bitwise OR
^Bitwise exclusive OR
<<Bitwise shift left
>>Bitwise shift right

Decision Control Statement

Decision control statements are used for decision making.

Example

Assume if students marks are above 35, To know if a student passed a exam or not we can know that using decision control statements using students marks.

if (marks >= 35) { Student pass }
else { Student Fail }

C Language supports following Decision control statements

  1. if statement
  2. if else statement
  3. nested if else stetements
  4. else if ladder
  5. conditional operators

If Statement

if statement has a condition in brackets, If the condition is true the block following if statement will be executed.

Example

main()
{
int marks;
printf("Enter Marks");
scanf("%d",marks);
if(marks >= 35) {
printf("You passed this exam");
getch();
}

If else Statement

if statement has a condition in brackets, If the condition is true the block following if statement will be executed, If the condition is false control transferred to next instruction [else block].

Example

main()
{
int marks;
printf("Enter Marks");
scanf("%d",marks);
if(marks >= 35) 
printf("You passed this exam");
else
printf("Sorry, Better luck next time!");
getch();

Nested if else statement

if else statements contain another if condition in brackets with a default else condition.

Syntax

if (condition) {
if (condition)
statement;
else
statement;
}
else {
if (condition)
statement;
else
statement;
}

Example

main() 
{
int a,b,c;
clrscr();
printf("Enter a,b,c values");
scanf("%d%d%d",$a,$b,$c);
if(a>b) {
if(a>c)
printf("largest=%d",a);
else
printf("largest=%d",c);
}
else {
if(b>c)
printf("largest=%d",b);
else
printf("largest=%d",c);
}
getch();
}

if else ladder

if else ladder contains more than one if condition with a default else condition.

syntax

if (condition)
{
statement;
}
else
{
if (condition)
{
statement;
}
else
{
if (condition)
{
statement;
}
else
{
statement
}
}

Example

main()
{
int marks;
clrscr();
printf("Enter marks");
scanf("%d",$marks);
if(marks >= 60)
{
printf(" A Grade");
}
else
{
if (marks >= 50)
{
printf(" B Grade");
}
else
{
if (marks >=35 )
{
printf(" C Grade");
}
else
{
printf(" Better luck next time");
}
}
getch();
}

Conditional Operators

In C Language ? and : are conditional operators, These operators also called as ternary operators because they need three arguments to function.

syntax

Expression1?Expression2:Expression3

Example

main()
{
int a,b;
clrscr();
printf("Enter the value for x");
scanf("%d",$x);
y = (x>5?3:4);
printf("y=%d",y);
getch();
}

switch case statement 

Switch-Case statement allows  us to filter a choice based on input.

Syntax

Switch (condition))
{
Case 1:
Statement;
break;
Case 2:
Statement;
break;
Case 3:
Statement;
break;
Case n:
statement;
break;
default:
statement;
}
getch();
}

Example

main()
{
int day;
print  (‘enterday=”);
scan f (“%d”,&day);
switch (day)
{
case1:
print f (“monday”);
break;
case2:
print f(“tuesday”);
break;
default:
print f (“enter count day”);
}
getch();
}

Loop control statements

 In some cases we need to repeat execution of a particular block in a programming” the concept of repeating execution of a block of statements in a program is called loop.The loop entry (or) exit is controlled by a condition.
                    [loop initialization]
                    [condition]
                    [increment/decrement]

Loops in C Language


  • for loop
  • while loop
  • do while loop 

 

For loop 

for loop executes until a condition is  satisfied for loop contains there parameters, to enter into for block ,first the condition is checked ,if the condition is true ,the statement in the loop executer.         

Syntax    

for (initialization;condition;increment/decrement)
{
statement 1;
statement n;
}

Example

main ()
{
int i ;
for (i=0 ; i > =5;i++)
print f (“%d”,i);
getch ();
}

While loop 

while loop executes similar to for loop. except the increment  / decrement done in loop block;

Syntax

while (condition)
{
statement 1;
statement n;
increment/decrement;
}

Example

main()
{
int i = 1 ;
while ( i <=5)
{
 print f (“%d”,i);
 i = i +1 ;
 }
 getch ( );
 }

Do-while loop 

Do-while loop is different than for loop & while loop in Do-while  loop the loop condition will be checked at the end of the loop block.
where as in for loop & while loop condition will be checked at the loop block.

Syntax

do
{
statement 1;
statement n;
}
while (condition);

Example

main()
{
int i=1;
{
print f (“%d”,i);
i =i+1;
}
while (i<=5);
getch ();
}

Go to statement  

Go to statement used to jump from one statement to another statement in a program based on a condition change sequence of program.

syntax

main()
{
int a,b,result;
clrscr ();
go to input block;
result=a+b;
print f (“result =%d”,result);
input block:
print f (“enter a,b “);
scan f (“%d%d”,$a,$b);
getch();
}

Nesting loop

nesting one loop in other loop is possible.

Example

main ()
{
int i,j;
for (j=1;j<=5;j++)
{
print f (“\n”);
for (i=1;1’<=j;i++)
{
print f (“%d\t”,i);
}
}
getch();
}

Break statement

break statement is used to exit from a loop.
break statement can be used with for loop,do while loop ,if statement & switch statement.

Continue statement

continue statement automatically takes control to the begining of the loop.

Array

Array is collection of similar data items ,which have similar data type and have a common name to represent a group of related data items.


List of Governors and Chief Ministers In India


S. NOState and U.T.Chief MinisterGovernor
1Andhra PradeshShri. Nara Chandrababu NaiduShri E.S Lakshmi Narasimhan
2Andaman & NicobarU.TAdmiral (Retd) Devendra Kumar Joshi
3Arunachal PradeshShri Pema KhanduBrigadier BD Mishra (Retd)
4AssamShri Sarbananda SonowalJagdish Mukhi
5BiharShri Nitish KumarSatya Pal Malik
6ChandigarhU.TV. P. Singh Badnore
7ChhattisgarhDr. Raman SinghShri Balramji Dass Tandon
8Dadra and Nagar HaveliU.TPraful Khoda Patel (Additional Charge)
9Daman and DiuU.TPraful Khoda Patel
10Delhi (NCT)Shri Arvind KejriwalAnil Baijal
11GoaShri Manohar ParrikarSmt. Mridula Sinha
12GujaratShri Vijaybhai R. RupaniShri Om Prakash Kohli
13HaryanaShri Manohar LalProf. Kaptan Singh Solanki
14Himachal PradeshShri Jai Ram ThakurShri Acharya Dev Vrat
15Jammu and KashmirMehbooba Mufti SayeedShri N. N. Vohra
16JharkhandShri Raghubar DasShrimati Droupadi Murmu
17KarnatakaShri SiddaramaiahShri Vajubhai Vala
18KeralaShri Pinarayi VijayanShri Justice (Retd.) Palaniswamy Sathasivam
19LakshadweepU.TFarooq Khan
20Madhya PradeshShri Shivraj Singh ChouhanAnandiben Patel
21MaharashtraShri Devendra FadnavisShri Chennamaneni Vidyasagar Rao
22ManipurNongthombam Biren SinghDr. Najma A. Heptulla
23MeghalayaConrad SangmaGanga Prasad
24MizoramShri Lal ThanhawlaLt. General (Retd.) Nirbhay Sharma
25NagalandShri. Neiphiu RioShri Padmanabha Balakrishna Acharya
26OdishaShri Naveen PatnaikDr. S. C. Jamir
27Puducherry (UT)Shri. V. NarayanasamyDr. Kiran Bedi
28PunjabShri Captain Amarinder SinghShri V.P. Singh Badnore
29RajasthanSmt. Vasundhara RajeShri Kalyan Singh
30SikkimShri Pawan Kumar ChamlingShri Shriniwas Dadasaheb Patil
31Tamil NaduEdappadi K PalaniswamiBanwarilal Purohit
32TelanganaShri K Chandrasekhar RaoShri E.S Lakshmi Narasimhan (Add. Charge)
33TripuraShri Biplab Kumar DebShri Tathagata Roy
34Uttar PradeshShri Yogi AdityanathShri Ram Naik
35UttarakhandShri Trivendra Singh RawatDr. Krishan Kant Paul
36West BengalKm. Mamata BanerjeeShri Keshari Nath Tripathi

How to start a Facebook store


What is  Facebook Store?

Facebook store is a feature available in Facebook pages, If you provide any service or Products then you can list them on Facebook and make them available to people around the world and sell your product or service and make money.

Why start a Facebook Store?

With over 2 billion monthly visitors Facebook is leading social media now a days, and after United states India is the second largest Facebook user base, Many Indians have Facebook accounts and they use it daily, according to one survey average user spends 20 mins on Facebook each day.

you can utilize the user base and start a store and by targeting ads you can get more traffic to your Facebook store and which results into more leads and sales.

Facebook store is a free service provided by Facebook, When comes to money payment for United States users Facebook provides its own payment option to checkout, And for non United states users there were two options , either to redirect users to other websites for money transfer or user messages store owner and then store owner can suggest user to transfer money to a particular account.

How to start a Facebook Store?

1. Login to your Facebook account and go to your Facebook page and click on settings.


2. In settings page , on left side you find sidebar, in those sidebar menu items click on Edit page


3. Find the shop option and click on Add tab , This will activate the shop tab on your page. If needed you can re order tabs.


4. Clicking on the settings will open shop options, But keep them as it is .


5. This is how your shop tab looks on your page, Remember we have not added any product yet.


6. Help your users add some description about what you are offering to your users.


7. Clicking on add product will open popup in which you can add your product information.


8. This is how the form looks when you fill all required product information.


9. And this is how your products appear after adding them [BTW This is how the shop looks to page admin].


10. And this is how the Shop looks to your users, from here they can check the products you added into your store.


11. This is a live example of how the Facebook shop looks like with lots of products, this is the Facebook shop of pellipoolajada.com

Important English Words For Competitive Exams


1. Abase

Cause To Feel Shame

2. Abdication

voluntary giving up of throne in favour of someone

3. Aberration

A State Or Condition Markedly Different From The Normal

4. Abject

Most Unfortunate Or Miserable

5. Abrasive

Sharply Disagreeable, Rigorous

6. Abstain

Choose Not To Consume

7. Abundant

Present In Great Quantity

8. Accede

Yield To Another s Wish Or Opinion

9. Accentuate

To Stress, Single Out As Important

10. Acclimate

Get Used To A Certain Climate

11. Accolade

Any honour Acclaim, award, commendation, laurel, laudation

12. Accomplice

A Person Who Joins With Another In Carrying Out Some Plan

13. Accord

Concurrence Of Opinion

14. Acerbic

Harsh Or Corrosive In Tone

15. Acme

The Highest Stage Of Development

16. Acquiesce

To Agree Or Express Agreement

17. Acquit

Pronounce Not Guilty Of Criminal Charges

18. Adage

A proverb or byword

19. Adverse

Contrary To Your Interests Or Welfare

20. Aesthete

A Person Who Is Appreciative Of And Sensitive To Art And Beauty

21. Afflict

Cause Physical Pain Or Suffering In

22. Agenda

a list of headings of the business to be transacted at a meeting

23. Alimony

allowance paid to wife on legal separation

24. Allege

Report Or Maintain

25. Allude

Make A More Or Less Disguised Reference To

26. Almanac

an annual calender with positions of stars

27. Altruist

one, who considers the happiness and well

28. Amateur

a man who does a thing for pleasure and not as a profession

29. Ambidexterity


30. Ambivalent

Having mixed feelings about someone or something

31. Amphibian

animals which live both on land and sea

32. Ample

More Than Enough In Size Or Scope Or Capacity

33. Amputate

to cut off a part of a persons body which is infected

34. Anarchist

one, who is out to destroy all governance, law and order

35. Anthology

a collection of poems

36. Anthology

a collection of poems

37. Anthropologist

one, who studies the evolution of mankind

38. Anticipate

Be Excited Or Anxious About

39. Antipathy

A Feeling Of Intense Dislike

40. Apocryphal

Something whose authenticity is questionable irrespective of its wide circulation

41. Apparent

Obvious

42. Append

Add To The Very End

43. Apt

Naturally Disposed Toward

44. Aquatic

animals/plants ere which live in water

45. Aquatic

animals/plants ere which live in water

46. Arbitrate

Act Between Parties With A View To Reconciling Differences

47. Arbitrator

a person, appointed by two parties to solve a dispute

48. Archetype

an original model on which something is patterned
Synonyms:original,archetype,pilot

49. Archives

a place where government or public records are kept

50. Aristocracy

government by the nobles

51. Arsenal

a place for ammunition and weapons

52. Artifact

a man-made object taken as a whole
Synonyms:artifact,artefact

53. Ascetic

A Person Who Practices Such Self

54. Aspidistra


55. Aspire

Have An Ambitious Plan

56. Assail

Attack Someone Physically Or Emotionally

57. Assuage

To make milder or less severe

58. Astrologer

a person who studies the influence of heavenly bodies on human beings

59. Astronomer

a person, who studies stars, planets and other heavenly bodies

60. Asunder

Into Separate Pieces

61. asylum


62. Atheist

a person who does not believe in God

63. Atone

To Doing Something Right For Some Wrong Done

64. Attire

Clothing Of A Distinctive Style Or For A Particular Occasion

65. Audience

a number of people listening to a lecture

66. August

Dignified

67. Austere

Severely Simple

68. Autobiography

the life history of a person written by himself

69. Autocracy

government by one person

70. Avarice

Extreme Greed For Material Wealth

71. Aversion

A Feeling Of Intense Dislike

72. Avid

Marked By Active Interest And Enthusiasm

73. Awesome

Amazing

74. Awful

very bad or unpleasant.

75. Axiom

a statement which is accepted as true without proof

76. Banality

Predictable, Obvious

77. Begin

perform or undergo the first part of (an action or activity).

78. Belligerent

a person, nation that is involved in war

79. Bemused

Filled With Bewilderment

80. Beneficial

Favourable

81. Beseech


82. Besiege

To Attack With Army

83. Bestow

Present

84. Betrothed

Engaged

85. Bibliophile

a lover and collector of books

86. Biennial

an event which happens once in two years

87. Bigamy

the practice of having two wives or husbands at a time

88. Bigot

a prejudiced person who is intolerant of any opinions differing from his own
Synonyms:bigot

89. Bizarre

Very strange or unusual

90. Bland

Lacking Stimulating Characteristics, Uninteresting

91. Blasphemy

Impure action or words concerning something religious or sacred

92. Blasphemy

Impure action or words concerning something religious or sacred

93. Boast

Show Off

94. Bouquet

a collection of flowers

95. Brag

Boast

96. Brazen

Shameless or impudent

97. Brisk

Active, Fast, Energetic

98. Brook

A Natural Stream Of Water Smaller Than A River

99. Bully

A Person Who Uses Strength Or Power To Harm Or Intimidate Those Who Are Weaker.

100. Bureaucracy

government by the officials

101. Cajole

To persuade by buttering up or making promises

102. Calligraphist

a person, who writes beautiful handwriting

103. Calligraphist

a person, who writes beautiful handwriting

104. Calm

not showing or feeling nervousness, anger, or other strong emotions.

105. Candid

Straightforward And Truthful

106. Cannibal

one, who feeds on human flesh

107. Capitulate

Surrender Under Agreed Conditions

108. Caprice

A Sudden Desire

109. Cardinal

Cardinal Is A High

110. Cardiologist

a person, who is specialist in heart diseases

111. Carnivorous

one, who lives on flesh

112. Cartographer

one, who draws maps

113. Cavalry

soldiers, who fight on horse back

114. Chauffeur

one, who is employed to drive a motor car

115. Choreographer

one, who teaches dancing

116. Cite

Make Reference To

117. Clad

Dressed Or Covered

118. Cleave

Separate Or Cut With A Tool, Such As A Sharp Instrument

119. Clemency

Mercy, Lenience

120. Cloakroom

a place for luggage at railway station

121. Coast

The Shore Of A Sea Or Ocean

122. Cohere

Cause To Form A United, Orderly, And Aesthetically Consistent Whole

123. Concept

An Abstract Or General Idea Inferred Or Derived From Specific Instances

124. Confer

Have A Conference In Order To Talk Something Over

125. Confined

Restricted

126. Confluence

The place where two or more water bodies meet

127. Congenial

Agreeable and pleasing in nature or character

128. Connoisseur

a critical judge of any art and craft

129. Conscientious

Characterized By Extreme Care And Great Effort

130. Consecrate

Render Holy By Means Of Religious Rites

131. Consider

Deem To Be

132. Conspicuous

Obvious To The Eye Or Mind

133. Constellation

A Group Of Stars Forming A Recognizable Pattern That Is Traditionally Named After Its Apparent Form Or Identified With A Mythological Figure.

134. Constrained

Lacking Spontaneity, Not Natural

135. Contemporaries

belonging to or living at the same time

136. Contemporary

living or occurring at the same time.

137. Contempt

Lack Of Respect

138. Contend

Compete For Something

139. Contrive

Make Or Work Out A Plan For, Devise

140. Convalescent

one, who is recovering health

141. Convention

A Meeting, Usually Of A Particular Group

142. Cosmopolitan

a person who regards whole world as his country

143. Cower

To Shrink In Fear

144. Creche

a nursery where children are cared for while their parents are at work

145. Crusade

a religious war

146. Curator

a person incharge of a museum

147. Cynic

one, who sneers at the aims and beliefs of his fellow men

148. Cynosure

centre of attraction

149. Dangerous

able or likely to cause harm or injury.

150. Daunting

Seeming Difficult To Deal With In Prospect.

151. Deceive

Cheat, Delude, Beguile

152. Deceptive

giving an appearance or impression different from the true one, misleading.

153. Decorum

Propriety In Manners And Conduct

154. Decree

An Official Order That Has The Force Of Law.

155. Delicacy

The Quality Of Being Beautiful And Delicate In Appearance

156. Delicious

highly pleasant to the taste.

157. Demographer

A Scientist Who Studies The Growth And Density Of Populations And Their Vital Statistics

158. Deprave

Corrupt

159. Despair

A State In Which All Hope Is Lost Or Absent

160. Despicable

Contemptible, Detestable, Not Lovable

161. Destitute

Without The Basic Necessities Of Life.

162. Diabolic

Having the qualities of the devil

163. Dicey

unpredictable and potentially dangerous.

164. Dingy

Covered With Dirt

165. Disconcert

Feels Confused And Out Of Sorts

166. Discreet

Quiet, Prudent

167. Disposition

Your Usual Mood Or Attitude Towards Life

168. Distinction

A Discrimination Between Things As Different And Distinct

169. Dormitory

the sleeping rooms with several beds especially in a college or institution

170. Drawn

a game that results neither in victory nor in defeat

171. Dubious

hesitating or doubting.

172. Dwell

Think Moodily Or Anxiously About Something

173. Ebb

Fall Away Or Decline

174. Edible

fit to be eaten

175. Edict

A Formal Or Authoritative Proclamation

176. Edifice

Building

177. Effeminate

a person who is womanish

178. Egalitarian

Asserting equality for all people

179. Egotism

practice of talking too much about oneself

180. Elaborate

Marked By Complexity And Richness Of Detail

181. Elegy

a poem of lamentation

182. Elude

Escape

183. Emigrant

a person who leaves his own country and goes to live in another

184. Emulate

Imitate, Compete, Mimic

185. Encyclopedia


186. Enduring

Unceasing

187. Enigma

An inexplicable person or situation

188. Enjoin

Give Instructions To Or Direct Somebody To Do Something With Authority

189. Enmity

The State Or Feeling Of Being Actively Opposed

190. Ensue

Issue Or Terminate

191. Entreat

Ask For Or Request Earnestly

192. Ephemeral

lasting one day

193. Epicure

one, who is devoted to the pleasure of eating and drinking

194. Epitaph

words which are inscribed on the grave or the tomb in the memory of the buried

195. Ersatz

An artificial substance used as a substitute to a natural one, often inferior

196. Espionage

The act of spying (by the government or otherwise)

197. Evasive

Dishonest

198. Everlasting

lasting forever or a very long time.

199. Evident

Clear

200. Exalt

Praise, Glorify Or Honor

201. Exasperate

Irritate

202. Exert

Make A Great Effort At A Mental Or Physical Task

203. Exertion

Use Of Physical Or Mental Energy, Hard Work

204. Exhausted

Tired

205. Explicate


206. Exploit


207. Extort

Obtain By Coercion Or Intimidation

208. Facile

Arrived At Without Due Care Or Effort, Lacking Depth

209. Facsimile

an exact copy of handwriting, printing etc

210. Fanatic


211. Fancy

Imagine, Conceive Of, See In Ones Mind

212. Fastidious

one, who is very

213. Fatal

causing death

214. Fathom

Come To Understand

215. Fauna

the animals of a certain region

216. Feminist

one, who works for the welfare of the women

217. Fervent

Characterized By Intense Emotion

218. Flora

the plants of a particular region

219. Florist

one, who deals

220. Flourish

Grow Vigorously

221. Fore


222. Foreword

A Short Introduction To A Book, Preface

223. Forsake

Leave Someone Who Needs

224. Fortitude

Emotional Power

225. Fortunate

favoured by or involving good luck, lucky.

226. Fragile

easily broken

227. Fratricide

murder of brother

228. Fray

A Noisy Fight

229. Fugitive

one, who runs away from justice or the law

230. Furnish

Provide Or Equip With Furniture

231. Genocide

murder of race

232. Gentry

The Most Powerful Members Of A Society

233. Germane

Relevant

234. Get

come to have (something), receive.

235. Gird

Get Ready For The Dangerous Situation

236. Granary

a place for grains

237. Grapple

Try To Overcome

238. Gregarious

Fond of the company of other people

239. Gregarious

Fond of the company of other people

240. Hangar

a place for housing aeroplanes

241. Hapless

Unfortunate

242. Harbinger

A person or thing which signals the approach of another

243. Headlong

In A Hasty Or Rushly Manner

244. Hearsay

information received from other people which cannot be substantiated, rumour.

245. Hearse

a vehicle which is used to carry a dead body

246. Hedonist

one, who believes that pleasure is the chief good (sensual)

247. Heed

Pay Close Attention To

248. Herbivorous

one, who lives on herbs

249. Heretic

one, who acts against religion

250. Hermit

One who has withdrawn to a solitary life or religious seclusion

251. Hive

a place for bees

252. Homicide

murder of man

253. Honorary

holding office without any remuneration

254. Horde

A Moving Crowd

255. Horizon

a line at which the earth and the sky seem to meet

256. Horticulture

the art of cultivating and managing gardens

257. Humiliate

Cause To Feel Shame, Hurt The Pride Of

258. Hyperbole

An extravagant statement not meant to be taken literally

259. Hypothesis

a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation.

260. Idea

satisfying ones conception of what is perfect, most suitable.

261. Illegible

incapable of being read

262. Immigrant

a person who comes to one country from another in order to settle there

263. Impassive

not feeling or showing emotion.

264. Impel

Cause To Move Forward With Force

265. Imperturbable

Incapable of being upset or agitated

266. Important

of great significance or value.

267. Imposed

Set Forth Authoritatively As Obligatory

268. Imposing

Impressive In Appearance

269. Impracticable

incapable of being practised

270. Impudent

Not Showing Due Respect For Another Person.

271. Impulsive

Spontaneous Or Forceful

272. Inaccessible

that cannot be easily approached

273. Inaudible

a sound that cannot be heard

274. Incognito

travelling under another name than ones own

275. Incorrigible

incapable of being corrected

276. Indefatigable

one, who does not tire easily

277. Indelible

that cannot be erased

278. Indolent

Lazy

279. Inevitable

Unavoidable, Unpreventable

280. Inevitable

Unavoidable, Unpreventable

281. Infallible

Incapable Of Failure Or Error

282. Infallible

Incapable Of Failure Or Error

283. Infanticide

murder of an infant

284. Infantry

soldiers, who fight on foot

285. Infirmary

a home or room used for ill or injured people

286. Inflammable

liable to catch fire easily

287. Insist

Be Emphatic Or Resolute

288. Insolent

Boldly rude or disrespectful

289. Insolvent


290. Inspire

To Excite, Encourage, Or Breathe Life Into

291. Instance

An Occurrence Of Something

292. Insurgent

A Rebel Or A Revolutionary

293. Interregnum

a period of interval between two reigns or governments

294. Intimate

Marked By Close Acquaintance, Association, Or Familiarity

295. Intrigue

Cause To Be Interested Or Curious

296. Invigilator

one, who supervises in the examination hall

297. Invincible

one, too strong to be overcome

298. Irreparable

incapable of being repaired

299. Itinerant

one, who journeys from place to place

300. Jerk

Jolt, Pull, Blockhead, Dolt

301. Keen

Interest In Something, Focused

302. Kennel

a place for dogs

303. Kindle

Catch Fire

304. Knowingly

in a way that suggests one has secret knowledge or awareness.

305. Labor

Any Piece Of Work That Is Undertaken Or Attempted

306. Languid

Lacking Spirit Or Liveliness

307. Latitude

Freedom From Normal Restraints In Conduct

308. Lavish

Occurring or happening in profusion

309. Lazy

unwilling to work or use energy.

310. Lecherous

Characterised by inappropriate behaviour

311. Lethal

sufficient to cause death.

312. Leverage

Clout, Power, Influence, Advantage

313. Levy

Impose (a Tax, Fee, Or Fine)

314. Lexicographer

one, who compiles a dictionary

315. Linguist

one, who is skilled in foreign languages

316. Loath

Strongly Opposed

317. Lofty

Of Imposing Height

318. Loquacious

one, who talks continuously

319. Loquacious

one, who talks continuously

320. Lucid

expressed clearly, easy to understand.

321. Lugubrious

Extremely sad and depressed

322. Lunatic

an insane person
Synonyms:lunatic,madman,maniac

323. Luxuriant

Produced Or Growing In Extreme Abundance

324. Machination

To plot evilly for personal gain

325. Madness

the state of having a serious mental illness.

326. Magnanimous

Large

327. Maiden speech

the first speech delivered by a person

328. Malice

Feeling A Need To See Others Suffer

329. Mammals

animals which give milk

330. Manifest

Reveal Its Presence Or Make An Appearance

331. Manifestation

A Clear Appearance

332. Martyr

one, who dies for a noble cause

333. Matricide

murder of mother

334. Maverick

Open Minded

335. Mendacity

untruthfulness.

336. Mercenary


337. Minute

Very Small

338. Misanthrope

a hater of mankind

339. Mischievous

causing or showing a fondness for causing trouble in a playful way.

340. Misogamist

one, who hates marriage

341. Missionary

a person, who is sent to propagate religion

342. Monetary

Relating To Or Involving Money

343. Morgue

a place, where dead bodies are kept for identification

344. Mortify

Cause To Feel Shame, Hurt The Pride Of

345. Mortuary

a place, where dead bodies are kept for post mortem

346. Mountebank

Someone who deceives others especially to rob them of their money

347. Muddle

Confuse, Mix Up, Confound, Jumble, Tangle

348. Multitude

A Large Indefinite Number

349. Muse

Reflect Deeply On A Subject

350. Muster

Gather Or Bring Together

351. Namesake

a person having same name as another

352. Narcotic

a medicine for producing sleep

353. Nerd

Geek, Techie

354. Nostalgia

a strong desire to return home, home sickness

355. Nostalgic

Sentimental, Wistful

356. Notify

inform (someone) of something, typically in a formal or official manner.

357. Notion

A General Inclusive Concept

358. Novice

someone who has entered a religious order but has not taken final vows
Synonyms:novitiate,novice

359. Nugatory

of no value or importance.

360. Numismatics

the study of coins

361. Obdurate

stubbornly refusing to change ones opinion or course of action.

362. Obituary

an account in the newspaper of the funeral of the one deceased

363. Obscure

Not Discovered

364. Obsolete

no longer produced or used, out of date.

365. Obsolete

no longer produced or used, out of date.

366. Obstetrician

one, who is skilled in midwifery

367. Odium

State Of Disgrace Resulting From Detestable Behavior

368. Omnipotent

one, who is all powerful

369. Omnipresent

one, who is present everywhere

370. Omniscient

one, who knows everything

371. Omnivorous

one, who eats everything

372. Opaque

that which cannot be seen through

373. Oppress

To Use Authority To Keep Someone Down

374. Optimist

a person who looks at the brighter side of things

375. Orphan

one, who has lost parents

376. Orphanage

a home for orphans

377. Outskirts

Outlying Areas

378. Pacify

To Bring Peace Or Calm To The Situation

379. Paleography

the study of ancient writing

380. Parable

A Short Moral Story

381. Parochial

Having a limited or narrow outlook

382. Parochial

Having a limited or narrow outlook

383. Parricide

someone who kills his or her parent
Synonyms:parricide

384. Passable

just good enough to be acceptable, satisfactory.

385. Passage

A Section Of Text

386. Pathetic

Pitiable, Pitiful, Paltry

387. Paucity

Scarcity, Shortage, Dearth

388. Pawn

Gurantee

389. Pedant

one, who makes a vain display of his knowledge

390. Pediatrician

a specialist in the care of babies
Synonyms:baby doctor,pediatrician,pediatrist,paediatrician

391. Peevish

Easily irritated, testy or annoyed

392. Perceptible

Noticeable, Sensible, Observable

393. Perish

Slow Death Or Non Violent Death

394. Perpetrate

Perform An Act, Usually With A Negative Connotation

395. Perplexed

To Feel Completely Baffled

396. Persist

Continue To Exist

397. Pessimist

a person who looks at the darker side of things

398. Petrified

So Frightened That Not Able To Move Or Think

399. Philanderer

one, who amuses himself by love making

400. Philanthropist

a lover of mankind

401. Philistine

one who does not care for art and literature

402. Philologist


403. Pious

Having Or Showing Or Expressing Reverence For A Deity

404. Plagiarism

literary theft or passing off an authors original work as ones own

405. Platitude

ordinary remarks often repeated

406. Plead

Enter A Plea

407. Plebiscite

(a decision made by) votes of all qualified citizens

408. Plight

Unfortunate Situation, Difficult

409. Plutocracy

government by the rich

410. Poke

Jab, Prod, Pry

411. Polyandry

the practice of marrying more than one husband at a time

412. Polygamy

the practice of marrying more than one wife at a time

413. Polyglot

one, who speaks many languages

414. Ponder

Think About Carefully, Especially Before Making A Decision Or Reaching A Conclusion.

415. Posthumous

a child born after the death of his father or the book published after the death of the writer

416. Postmortem

an examination of dead body

417. Potable

fit to drink

418. Preceding

come before (something) in time.

419. Precept

Rule Of Personal Conduct

420. Precept

Rule Of Personal Conduct

421. Predicament

a difficult, unpleasant, or embarrassing situation.

422. Priority

the fact or condition of being regarded or treated as more important than others.

423. Procrastination

Act Of Delaying Something

424. Procurement

Obtainment, Acquirement

425. Project

A Planned Undertaking

426. Prowess

Exceptional Skill Or Ability

427. Pseudonym

an imaginary name assumed by an author for disguise

428. Quarantine

an act of separation from other persons to avoid infection

429. Queer

Strange

430. Quiet

making little or no noise.

431. Quirk

A Strange Act

432. Quite

to the utmost or most absolute extent or degree, absolutely, completely.

433. Radiant

Shining

434. Rail

Criticize Severely

435. Ratify

Approve And Express Assent

436. Rave

Praise Enthusiastically

437. Reconciliation


438. Recourse

Source Of Help

439. Redundant

Surplus, more than what is required

440. Regicide

murder of King or Queen

441. Reminiscence

a story told about a past event remembered by the narrator.

442. Remorse

deep regret or guilt for a wrong committed.

443. Remorseful

Feeling Or Expressing Pain Or Sorrow For Sins Or Offenses.

444. Remote

situated far from the main centres of population, distant.

445. Repeal

Cancel Officially

446. Repent

Regret

447. Restive

Unable to remain still, especially because of boredom or dissatisfaction

448. Restraint

Restriction, Reserve, Limitation, Control

449. Restraint

Restriction, Reserve, Limitation, Control

450. Retaliate

To Take Revenge

451. Reticent

Silent

452. Retort

A Quick Reply To A Question Or Remark

453. Retraction

To Withdraw A Statement Or Any Charge

454. Rhetoric

Using Language Effectively To Please Or Persuade

455. Rhetoric

Using Language Effectively To Please Or Persuade

456. Sacrilege

violating or profaning religious things/places

457. Sanatorium

a place for the sick to recover health

458. Sanction

Give Authority Or Permission To

459. Sanctity

The State Or Quality Of Being Holy, Sacred, Or Saintly.

460. Sarcastic

Biting, Sardonic

461. Satire

Witty Language Used To Convey Insults Or Scorn

462. Scarce

Deficient In Quantity Or Number Compared With The Demand

463. Scared

fearful,frightened.

464. Scorching

Very Hot, Burning, Torrid

465. Sculptor

one, who cuts in stones

466. Sentinel

A Person Keeping Watch

467. Shook

Emotionally Disturbed Or Upset

468. Shrewd

Clever

469. Significant


470. Sinecure

a job with high salary but little responsibility

471. Slay

Kill Intentionally And With Premeditation

472. Slew

Large Number Or Amount

473. Slovenly

Dirty

474. Sobbing

Cry Noisely

475. Sobriquet

A Persons Nickname.

476. Solace

Consolation, Comfort, Relief

477. Somnambulist

a person, who walks in sleep

478. Sorority


479. Souvenir

a thing kept as a reminder of a person, place or event

480. Squander

Waste, Dissipate, Lavish

481. Stable

a place for horses

482. Staid

Dignified, Respectable

483. Stake

A Strong Wooden Or Metal Post With A Point At One End So It Can Be Driven Into The Ground

484. Steep

Having A Sharp Inclination

485. Stipulate

Specify As A Condition Or Requirement In A Contract Or Agreement

486. Stock

The Capital Raised By A Corporation Through The Issue Of Shares Entitling Holders To An Ownership Interest

487. Stoic

a person, who is indifferent to pleasure and pain and has control over his passions

488. Story

an account of imaginary or real people and events told for entertainment.

489. Stratum

People Having The Same Social, Economic, Or Educational Status

490. Strident

Making or having a harsh sound

491. Strife

Quarrel, Contention, Dispute, Fight, Conflict

492. Stubborn

Obstinate, Unrelenting

493. Stump

Cause To Be Perplexed Or Confounded

494. Sublime

Of High Moral Or Intellectual Value, Elevated In Nature Or Style

495. Subside

Wear Off Or Die Down

496. Substantially

to a great or significant extent.

497. Suicide

murder of oneself

498. Sulking

Be Silent, Morose

499. Suppliant

Humbly Entreating

500. Symmetry

Balance Among The Parts Of Something

501. Tarry

Leave Slowly And Hesitantly

502. Teetotaler


503. Temper

a persons state of mind seen in terms of their being angry or calm.

504. Theocracy

government by religious principles

505. Throng

Press Tightly Together Or Cram

506. Toil

To Work Hard

507. Topper

a worker who makes or adds the top to something
Synonyms:topper

508. Torpid

mentally or physically inactive, lethargic.

509. Tout

To Praise Or To Boast

510. Tract

A System Of Body Parts That Together Serve Some Particular Purpose

511. Transitory


512. Transparent

that which can be seen through

513. Trauma

Serious Injury Or Shock

514. Tread

A Step In Walking Or Running

515. Trepidation

Tremulous fear or agitation

516. Triennial

an event which happens once in three years

517. Trifles

A Thing Of Little Value Or Importance.

518. Truant

a person/student who absents himself from class or duty without permission

519. Uncouth

Rough

520. Untimely

happening or done at an unsuitable time.

521. Utopia

an imaginary perfect social and political system

522. Uxorious

one extremely fond of ones wife

523. Vagrant

A person who wanders about idly and is homeless and jobless

524. Vain

having or showing an excessively high opinion of ones appearance, abilities, or worth.

525. Vain

having or showing an excessively high opinion of ones appearance, abilities, or worth.

526. Valet

Servant

527. Venerable

Impressive By Reason Of Age

528. Venerate

Regard With Feelings Of Respect And Reverence

529. Venial

a fault that may be forgiven

530. Ventriloquist

a performer who projects the voice into a wooden dummy
Synonyms:ventriloquist

531. Verbatim

repetition of speech or writing word for word

532. Versatile

interested in and clever at many different things

533. Veteran

one, who has a long experience of any occupation

534. Vex

Cause Annoyance In, Disturb, Especially By Minor Irritations

535. Virgin

a woman who has no sexual experience

536. Visage

The Human Face

537. Vivacious

Full of vigour and energy

538. Volunteer

one, who offers one?s services

539. Wander

To Move Or Cause To Move In A Sinuous, Spiral, Or Circular Course

540. Wardrobe

a place for clothes

541. Wax

Grow Larger Or Increase

542. Weigh

Means

543. Wistful

Showing Pensive Sadness

544. Wont

A Custom Or Habit

545. Wrong

not correct or true, incorrect.

546. Zenith

the time at which something is most powerful or successful.

Widgetized